In categorizing the ages of plants, we have three categories; annuals, biennials and perennials. Annuals are those plants that are alive for just one year, where they will produce seeds and die. Sunflowers are annuals. Biennials are alive for two growing seasons then they produce seeds and die. Perennial is for all plants that grow for more than two growing seasons.
Perennials are able to keep producing for a very long time and it would be profitable if it was being grown for commercial purposes. Perennials reduce the cost of keep up as they do not need to be watered or fertilized as their roots dig deep into the ground to ensure a steady flow of water and nutrients. With this spread of the roots, the plant also travels far thus increasing in production each year.There are a number of perennial plants.
Evergreen perennial plants
These are those plants that are green throughout the year, hence the name, ‘evergreen’. Most of these do not need a lot of water to survive, and are able to store much for themselves during the rainy season. Evergreen plants lose their worn out leaves gradually throughout the year and grow other leaves, continuing this cycle all their years.
Deciduous perennial plants
These are plants that usually shed their leaves during the summer, as an adaptation to use a little less water,thereby conserving water for the dry season. Most plants will shed their leaves during autumn in preparation for winter. This process of shedding their leaves is called abscission. This cycle is continued by the plant for a long time as the conserved water helps it beat tough drought.
Woody perennial plants
Woody perennial plants are plants whose stem and roots are reinforced with wood which is produced by the plant.Wood is hard and it allows the plant to grow very far above ground with a lot of support, and thus making the plant to live for a long time. They get direct sunlight which is vital for plant growth. Most of these plants are trees and shrubs.
Herbaceous perennial plants
Herbaceous perennials are those plants that die at the end of the growing season, but parts of it survive and grow later from season to season. This new growth mostly comes from the roots or the stem.
Perennials come in handy in fighting soil erosion. Most perennials, in their spread to ensure they keep getting water tend to have very closely knit roots. These roots hold a lot of soil between them, thus preventing cases where the soil would be easily washed or blown away.
Perennials will grow structures that will help adapt to living for a very long time. Most of them have rhizomes, bulbs or tubers. All these are modified stems that are found growing underground and are used to store nutrients for the plant, to keep it growing even when the conditions are not quite favorable for the plant.
Perennials are also used for beauty as they are expected to look beautiful all year round, without demanding too much in terms of upkeep.
Designing your yard with landscape plants may sound simple, but there are valuable tips you must be spot on. To achieve the desired gardening results, you must get it right with soil, plant positioning, lighting and plant coloring. This ensures the plant thrives well, reproduces and gives your yard the desired elegance. Below are insights on How to Design a Great Yard with Landscape Plants:
- Consider Soil
The different soil types support different plants. Before you select landscape plant, consider the type of soil it will grow best. Carry out a test for your soil to match it with a plant that won’t struggle to grow. The main advantage is that you can modify your soil through chemical treatments. For example, adding organic material can modify the porous sandy soil. You can also consider ferrying soil from a different location and setting up raised bed to plant your plants.
Don’t plant water plant in a desert garden, expecting the plant to thrive. There are currently landscaping consultancies, which have databases of landscape plants, which help you choose the best plant for your soil. Important considerations in soil include minerals and nutrients, soil type, and the texture.
Failure to be spot on with soil leads to drying of the plant, stunted growth or a weak plant, which won’t do justice to your landscape.
2. Consider the natural growth of the plant
Plants grow to different heights. Consideration of the vertical and horizontal growth is vital. Assign your landscape with plants of different sizes, at different specific points in your yard. For example, along edging walking paths, the best plant is the fountains and short plant like Festuca glauca, blue fescue
As you plant, allow the plants enough space for them to thrive in height and size. Pair the plants carefully to make sure their growth do not terrorize the short one, or denies some species the required sunlight. The area around your home will also determine plant size; tall growing plants are not good near the houses or congruent with the windows. They will obstruct light and hide your home elegance. Tall plants are best for resting and relaxing spots to provide shade.
3. Do not harbor wildlife near your home
If your neighborhood has rabbits and wild deers, you may be staging competition if you plant their favorite plants. While it is not fully possible to outsmart all the wildlife, take measures and erect fences, plant the adapted plants, for example, thorny but beautiful, inedible to plants but also beautiful. Some favorite are local bunnies, cheery daffodils, and Jack Frost
- Be spot on color and texture
Study your preferred plant leaf and flowers colors if they will complement your existing landscape color. Give your front garden elegance, by mixing choosing hues of the same color family. The color designs in your constructions should go well with the chosen plant colors. The best goof-proof method to ensure colors blend well is by creating color echo between the plants and the landscaping.
All plants have different lighting condition, some require full sunshine while others will thrive to their best under a shade. Plant the plants only after you are convinced your yard will offer their required lighting. Practically watch the sun lighting in your yard at different spots and at different times of the day. You will be able to match a plant tagged, partial shade with a spot which will offer partial shade. For example, Dicentra Spectabilis thrives well in full shade.